Substrate-dependent Competency of the Catalytic Triad of Prolyl Oligopeptidase

TitleSubstrate-dependent Competency of the Catalytic Triad of Prolyl Oligopeptidase
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsSzeltner, Z, Rea, D, Juhász, T, Renner, V, Mucsi, Z, Orosz, G, Fülöp, V, Polgár, L
JournalJournal of Biological ChemistryJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue47
Pagination44597-44605
Date Published11/22/2002
ISBN Number0021-9258, 1083-351X
Abstract

Prolyl oligopeptidase, a serine peptidase unrelated to trypsin and subtilisin, is implicated in memory disorders and is an important target of drug design. The catalytic competence of the Asp641 residue of the catalytic triad (Ser554, Asp641, His680) was studied using the D641N and D641A variants of the enzyme. Both variants displayed 3 orders of magnitude reduction ink cat/K m for benzyloxycarbonyl-Gly-Pro-2-naphthylamide. Using an octapeptide substrate, the decrease was 6 orders of magnitude, whereas with Z-Gly-Pro-4-nitrophenyl ester there was virtually no change ink cat/K m. This indicates that the contribution of Asp641 is very much dependent on the substrate-leaving group, which was not the case for the classic serine peptidase, trypsin. The rate constant for benzyloxycarbonyl-Gly-Pro-thiobenzylester conformed to this series as demonstrated by a method designed for monitoring the hydrolysis of thiolesters in the presence of thiol groups. Alkylation of His680 with Z-Gly-Pro-CH2Cl was concluded with similar rate constants for wild-type and D641A variant. However, kinetic measurements with Z-Gly-Pro-OH, a product-like inhibitor, indicated that the His680 is not accessible in the enzyme variants. Crystal structure determination of these mutants revealed subtle perturbations related to the catalytic activity. Many of these observations show differences in the catalysis between trypsin and prolyl oligopeptidase.

URLhttp://www.jbc.org/content/277/47/44597
Short TitleJ. Biol. Chem.