Dimeric binding of plant alkaloid ellipticine to human serum proteins

TitleDimeric binding of plant alkaloid ellipticine to human serum proteins
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsZsila, F, Beke-Somfai, T
JournalRSC Advances
Volume6
Issue50
Pagination44096 - 44105
Date Published2016
Abstract

Human serum albumin (HSA) binding of anticancer plant alkaloid ellipticine has been studied in conjunction with assessing its association to serum [small alpha]1-acid-glycoprotein (AAG). Taking advantage of the ability of chiral protein environments to induce optical activity, circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy was employed to characterize the alkaloid-protein non-covalent adducts. CD competition experiments revealed the simultaneous accommodation of two ellipticine molecules within the large crevice of HSA located in subdomain IB that induces an exciton coupling signature in the CD spectrum. Note that subdomain IIA was also found to host an ellipticine molecule. Supporting molecular docking simulations were also performed, which showed a hydrophobicity-driven stabilization of two ellipticine molecules within subdomain IB in a left-handed helical orientation. Similar to HSA, a pair of alkaloid ligands are inserted into the [small beta]-barrel cavity of AAG producing a polyphasic CD curve. The 'F1/S' and 'A' genetic variants of the protein bind ellipticine with comparable affinity albeit the distinct topography of the pockets provokes large intensity differences in the CD signals.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C6RA06078A
Short TitleRSC Adv.