Supramolecular exciton chirality of carotenoid aggregates

TitleSupramolecular exciton chirality of carotenoid aggregates
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsSimonyi, M, Bikádi, Z, Zsila, F, Deli, J
Pagination680 - 698
Date Published2003
KeywordsCircular Dichroism, Exciton signals, Induced chirality, Overlay angles, Structured aggregates

The conventional organic chemistry concept of chirality relates to single molecules. This article deals with cases in which exciton chirality is generated by the interaction of associated carotenoids. The handed property responsible for exciton signals in these systems is due to the alignment of neighboring molecules held together by secondary chemical forces. Their mutual positions are characterized by the overlay angle. Experimental manifestation is obtained by spectroscopic studies on carotenoid aggregates. Compared to molecular spectra, both UV/visible and circular dichroism spectroscopic observations reveal modified absorption bands and induced Cotton effects of opposite sign (exciton couplets), respectively. A new term, " supramolecular exciton chirality," is suggested for these phenomena, allowing the detection of weak chemical interactions not readily accessible for experimental studies, although highly important in the mechanism of biological processes. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.