Electron delocalization in the radical cation of 1,3,6,8-tetraazatricyclo[4.4.1.1(3,8)]dodecane, a 4-nitrogen-7-electron system

TitleElectron delocalization in the radical cation of 1,3,6,8-tetraazatricyclo[4.4.1.1(3,8)]dodecane, a 4-nitrogen-7-electron system
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsZwier, JM, Brouwer, AM, Keszthelyi, T, Balakrishnan, G, Offersgaard, JF, Wilbrandt, R, Barbosa, F, Buser, U, Amaudrut, J, Gescheidt, G, Nelsen, SF, Little, CD
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume124
Pagination159–167
Date Publishedjan
Abstract

The radical cation of 1,3,6,8-tetraazatricyclo [4.4.1.1(3,8)]dodecane (TTD) has been studied using magnetic resonance and optical spectroscopic methods and computational techniques. With the help of deuterated sotopomers, assignments of EPR and resonance Raman spectra could be unequivocally established, The results demonstrate that the radical cation has D-2d symmetry, and instantaneous electron delocalization over the four equivalent nitrogen atoms occurs. This extensive delocalization in a completely saturated system is a unique feature of the TTD radical cation. The spectroscopy of TTID, in contrast to that of simpler diamines such as 1,4-diaza[2.2.2]bicyclooctane, simultaneously reveals the consequences of orbital interactions through space and through bonds. The relationship between nitrogen pyramidalization and hyperfine coupling constants in nitrogen-centered radical cations with a number of different bonding arrangements is reviewed.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja016999n
DOI10.1021/ja016999n